结果 1 - 10 的 4,133
Comparative Analysis of Certain Requirements of Food Legislation in the European Union and the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan
International Finance Corporation 
This report presents a comparative analysis of the food legislation requirements of the European Union (EU) and the Customs Union. Its purpose is to guide food business operators and public authorities engaged in reforming national food safety systems in the peculiarities of EU and Customs Union legal requirements and help them evaluate their capabilities in meeting those requirements. ...
SUBJECT: honey; food poisoning; protein; juices; chocolate
Farfan, Gabriela et al. 
Consumption of food away from home is rapidly growing across the developing world. Surprisingly, the majority of household surveys around the world haven not kept up with its pace and still collect limited information on it. The implications for poverty and inequality measurement are far from clear, and the direction of the impact cannot be established a priori, since consumption of foo ...
SUBJECT: poverty estimates; food shortage; household; food consumption data; household size
World Bank [2007-11]
From what was historically known as 'Arabia Felix', a land of prosperity and happiness, Yemen has become the most impoverished among the Arab countries. The government of the united Yemen, formed in 1990, has launched so far three five-year economic reform plans with the goal of restoring Yemen's prosperity. Have these efforts succeeded? What policies are needed to further reduce povert ...
SUBJECT: poverty estimates; basic health; protein; caloric requirements; household size
Food Security and Wheat Prices in Afghanistan : A Distribution-sensitive Analysis of Household-level Impacts
D'Souza, Anna et al. [2012-04]
This paper investigates the impact of increases in wheat flour prices on household food security using unique nationally-representative data collected in Afghanistan from 2007 to 2008. It uses a new estimator, the Unconditional Quantile Regression estimator, based on influence functions, to examine the marginal effects of price increases at different locations on the distributions of se ...
SUBJECT: economic shock; food consumption data; household size; access to food; wage premium
Ravallion, Martin et al. [2003-10]
Although poverty lines are widely used as deflators for inter-group welfare comparisons, their internal consistency is rarely given close scrutiny. A priori considerations suggest that commonly used methods cannot be relied on to yield poverty lines that are consistent in terms of utility, or for capabilities more generally. The theory of revealed preference offers testable implications ...
SUBJECT: person heat consumption; utility inconsistencies; welfare levels; poverty comparisons; national population
World Bank Group 
Living conditions of Botswana have improved over the past decade and poverty has reduced significantly. This decrease was accompanied by a considerable decline in both depth and severity of poverty, indicating that consumption has improved among the poor. While rural areas led the poverty reduction, the share of the poor living in urban areas has increased. Botswana’s progress toward re ...
SUBJECT: poverty estimates; inequality; poor; poverty comparisons; health programs
Dignan, C. et al. 
SUBJECT: seguridad alimentaría; foods; valor nutritivo; alimentos; composición quimica
Aksoy, M. Ataman et al. [2008-06]
There is a general consensus that most of the poor in developing countries are net food buyers and food price increases are bad for the poor. This could be expected of urban poor, but it is also often attributed to the rural poor. Recent food price increases have increased the importance of this issue, and the possible policy responses to these price increases. This paper examines the c ...
SUBJECT: labor markets; poor; farming activities; policy implications; expenditure data
De Weerdt, Joachim et al. [2014-01]
There is widespread interest in the number of hungry people in the world and trends in hunger. Current global counts rely on combining each country's total food balance with information on distribution patterns from household consumption expenditure surveys. Recent research has advocated for calculating hunger numbers directly from these same surveys. For either approach, embedded in th ...
SUBJECT: agricultural economics; poverty estimates; protein; international food policy research institute; household size
World Bank [2011-06-01]
This study has two objectives, the first of which is to revise the national poverty lines of Armenia. The Government of Armenia expressed its desire for revised poverty lines that more accurately reflect the current consumption and expenditure patterns of the population. The work was jointly undertaken by the client counterparts and the World Bank. The second objective of this study is t ...
SUBJECT: honey; poverty estimates; caloric requirements; social spending; inequality