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Cooperatives are considered as a form of business which has managed to survive for many years, due to equal market opportunities and lower production costs for all its members. The main purpose of this research is to estimate the viability of a cooperative union under competitive conditions in the agricultural sector and to evaluate the financial aspects of its activities. Two countries, Russi ...

SUBJECT: cooperatives; greece; economic analysis; agroindustrial sector; statistical methods

Integer programming is a widely investigated topic in combinatorial optimization problems, which are classified according to the type of integer value the associated variable takes. This study proposes a branch and bound algorithm to solve the significantly large issue of one of the integer programming problems called binary integer problems (BIPs).The aim of the proposed approach is not only ...

SUBJECT: computer applications; mathematical models; linear programming; optimization methods

The last century has been characterized by a high-dynamic development of markets. Businesses with well-established free market foundations have reached new levels of expansion and growth. Accordingly. a growing number of actors in market economies have boosted competition among them. Consequently, high competition has motivated companies and their management leaders to develop adequate and eff ...

SUBJECT: for profit organizations; voluntary organizations; georgia; management; nonprofit organizations

In the new economy SMEs face new challenges in their B2C transactions, such as the use of new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Electronic commerce may represent a competitive advantage to make enterprises of the agro-food sector more visible to consumers, if usability is adequately taken into account. The main barrier to the development of successful e-commerce business is rep ...

SUBJECT: wine industry; voluntary organizations; georgia; food industry; consumer behaviour

The present M.Sc. thesis explores the strategies firms apply in markets that have "enough" power (monopolistic or oligopolistic markets). Furthermore, it describes how these strategies are confronted by the competition policy authorities. Cases referring to abuse of dominant position, collusion between the firms and mergers and Acquisition are very popular in the business field and for that re ...

SUBJECT: economic competition; economic policies; economic theories; greece; strategies

SUBJECT: mediterranean region; greece; risk; market research; capital market

FDI has proved to have various advantages for the host countries and for investors. Deciding on where to invest by an investor is a complicated procedure. One of most crucial steps is the country risk assessment by which an investor appraises the risk level that his business may face in the host country. Assessing country risk is a multi-criteria problem bringing together into analysis differe ...

SUBJECT: risk assessment; risk management; capital market; foreign investment; statistical methods

The social planner's objective of maximizing the social welfare and the firms' optimization behavior represented by the profit maximization in the competitive market shaped the framework followed in this piece of research which intended to derive the emission function. The theoretical model employed relies on three main factors: regulator, market and technology. This research attempted to shed ...

SUBJECT: carbon dioxide; pollutant emission; environmental economics; taxes; climatic change

The question of the research is how the farm size structure in the United States and the European Union responds to changes in the Farm Bills and the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) respectively. Using Markov chain analysis, we analyze the size distribution of farms among seven size categories, which are distinguished according to the net farm income by value of size class for the U.S.A. and ...

SUBJECT: usa; farm structure; cap; structural policies; european union