Facteurs décisionnels dans la gestion des ressources hydriques par les éleveurs et agro-éleveurs dans une zone semi-aride du Burkina Faso
Zongo, BIN. | De Deken, R. | Lefèvre, P. | Thys, E.
Decisional Factors in the Water Resources Management by the Livestock Keepers and the Agropastoralist in a Semi-arid Zone of Burkina Faso. A survey was carried out in a semi-arid zone of Burkina Faso in order to determine the factors influencing water management by allochthonous livestock keepers and native agro-pastoralists. The results of the study showed that the availability of water and grazing land as well as some other factors influence the livestock keepers on the place where to settle in a zone. The village and the geographical origin of the producers can influence the utilisation of the different types of watering points. The study shows also that easy access, easy drawing of water and proximity influence their choices. These factors explain why livestock keepers and agropastoralists used on a rather high level (56 to 94%) surface water to water cattle and sheep, and boreholes (41.1 to 76.9%) to water sheep and goats. Surface water attracts farmers if the distance to cover does not exceed 4 km. The factors determining the behaviours of livestock keepers and agro-pastoralists in water management were similar. The type of watering point, the distance and the animal species influence their choices. They however present differences in the levels of using watering points.Show more [+] Less [-]