Cardiomyocyte-specific inactivation of transcription factor CREB in mice
Matus, Marek | Lewin, Geertje | Stümpel, Frank | Buchwalow, Igor B. | Schneider, Michael D. | Schütz, Günther | Schmitz, Wilhelm | Müller, Frank U.
The transcription factor cAMP response element (CRE)-binding protein (CREB, Creb1) plays a critical role in regulating gene expression in response to activation of the cAMP-dependent signaling pathway, which is implicated in the pathophysiology of heart failure. Using the Cre-loxP system, we generated mice with a cardiomyocyte-specific inactivation of CREB and studied in this model whether CREB is critical for cardiac function. CREB-deficient mice were viable and displayed neither changes in cardiac morphology nor alterations of basal or isoproterenol-stimulated left ventricular function in vivo or of important cardiac regulatory proteins. Since CREB was proposed as a negative regulator of cardiomyocyte apoptosis by enhancing the expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2, we analyzed the fragmentation of DNA, the activity of caspases 3/7 and the expression of Bcl-2 and did not observe any differences between CREB-deficient and CREB-normal hearts. Our results suggest that the presence of CREB is not critical for normal cardiac function in mice.--Matus M., Lewin G., Stümpel F., Buchwalow I. B., Schneider M. D., Schütz G., Schmitz W., and Müller F. U. Cardiomyocyte-specific inactivation of transcription factor CREB in mice.Show more [+] Less [-]