Distribution of Frankia genotypes occupying Alnus nepalensis nodules with respect to altitude and soil characteristics in the Sikkim Himalayas
Khan, Anindita | Myrold, David D. | Misra, Arvind K.
We investigated the distribution of Frankia genotypes with respect to three altitudinal zones in the Sikkim Himalayas. The study was carried out for 90 Alnus nepalensis trees at nine different locations from three altitudes from the east and north districts of Sikkim, India. We used a PCR-based technique to amplify the internally transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rrn operon using two primers specific for the distal part of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA), ITS and proximal part of 23S rRNA genes of Frankia. The PCR products were digested with the restriction enzyme RsaI to generate amplified recombinant DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) patterns. Frankia genotypes were categorized on the basis of 17 different ARDRA patterns. Nucleotide sequences of some representative amplicons were also obtained. Rhizosphere soil samples associated with the 90 trees were collected and analysed for eight different soil properties. In general, soil properties did not differ by site or altitude, and did not correlate with Frankia genotypes. Frankia community composition was strongly affected by altitude and to a lesser extent by site.Show more [+] Less [-]