Detailed description of developmental growth stages of Diplocarpon rosae in Rosa: a core building block for efficient disease management
Gachomo, E.W. | Kotchoni, S.O.
Black spot disease of roses caused by the ascomycetous fungus Diplocarpon rosae teleomorph (Marssonina rosae anamorph) is a widespread and devastating disease. Despite considerable progress in the management of black spot disease in the recent years, it is still unclear by which mechanisms this fungus colonises and invades the host system, and without a good knowledge of such infection machineries, it not possible to fully overcome the challenges of D. rosae infection. By exploring research contributions up to date, we highlight in this review the ultrastructure of D. rosae infection cycle in the host cell by emphasising on several aspects related to its in vitro and in vivo germinations, the infection mechanisms of the fungus, the different fungal structures formed in the host cells and the optimum storage conditions for D. rosae to retain its viability and pathogenicity over time. Here, attention is particularly focused on the asexual life cycle of D. rosae, with the sexual cycle being briefly discussed. In addition, a new dimension of research approaches to effectively control black spot disease of roses, that is, how to accurately use the advanced biotechnology tools to speed up the current state of the disease management, is proposed here.Show more [+] Less [-]