Determination of Toxigenic Potentials of Bacillus Strains Isolated from Okpehe, a Nigerian Fermented Condiment
Oguntoyinbo, F. A. | Sanni, A. I.
The toxigenic potential of Bacillus species isolated from the traditional fermented condiment okpehe was determined; this is aimed at selection of non-toxigenic bacilli as starter cultures to bring about production of safe product. B. subtilis and B. cereus strains isolated from okpehe were evaluated for their possible possession of virulence characteristics. Fifty isolates were screened for their ability to produce diarrhoea enterotoxin by reversed passive latex agglutination (BCET-RPLA) test kit; the result showed that 40% of the B. cereus strains were toxigenic. The ability of the selected isolates to compete in situ and in vitro toxin production during the fermentation was also determined. The enterotoxin was not detected using BCET-RPLA kit in the spontaneously fermented samples of okpehe, but the toxin was detected in the okpehe samples fermented using B. cereus enterotoxin producer in mixed starter culture fermentation. The PCR amplification of virulence genes revealed that Bacillus cereus and B. licheniformis, a strain from the B. subtilis group, contained DNA sequences encoding the haemolysin BL (hblD) enterotoxin complex. The growth ability of B. cereus strains to high population during the fermentation and the presence of detectable diarroheagenic genes in B. cereus and B. licheniformis showed that strains carrying virulence characteristics cannot be totally ruled out in traditionally fermented okpehe.Show more [+] Less [-]