Production of inhibin A and inhibin B in boars: Changes in testicular and circulating levels of dimeric inhibins and characterization of inhibin forms during testis growth
Ohnuma, K. | Kaneko, H. | Noguchi, J. | Kikuchi, K. | Ozawa, M. | Hasegawa, Y.
We investigated the production of inhibin in boars from the infantile to pubertal periods by: (1) measurement of testicular and circulating levels of inhibin, (2) characterization of inhibin forms and (3) localization of inhibin α subunits in the testis. Total inhibin levels in the testis increased until 8 weeks of age but then declined to much lower values at 15 weeks. Testicular inhibin A and inhibin B were high until 8 weeks. Circulating levels of total inhibin and inhibin A were also high until 8 weeks, then declined from 10 weeks; inhibin B was not detected, because of low sensitivity of the inhibin B assay. Analyses of inhibin A and inhibin B levels in the eluted fractions obtained from testes after immunoaffinity chromatography and SDS-PAGE showed the presence of a peak of approximately 45 kDa until 10 weeks of age. As the boars aged, the levels of inhibin A and inhibin B increased in the molecular weight region of 29-31 kDa. The fractions corresponding to 29 and 30 kDa suppressed FSH release from rat pituitary cells, but the 45 kDa fraction had no FSH-suppressing activity. Total amounts of inhibin A isolated from the SDS gels were similar to those of inhibin B until 10 weeks of age, but were three times higher than those of inhibin B between 15 and 25 weeks. Further fractionation by reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography revealed that the 29-31 kDa immunoreactive material was composed of mature forms of inhibin A and inhibin B, in addition to a 26 kDa α monomer. Immunohistochemistry indicated that positive immunostaining for the α subunits was observed in Sertoli cells from the infantile to pubertal periods. Elongated spermatids also showed positive signals at age 25 weeks. These results clearly indicated that: (1) the boar testis has the ability to produce inhibin A and inhibin B during the infantile period but inhibin A is the predominant form towards puberty and (2) the molecular weight forms of inhibin and the sites of production of inhibin change with testicular development.Show more [+] Less [-]