Occurrence and characterization of a dehydratase enzyme in the leek icosanoyl-CoA synthase complex
Lessire, R. | Bessoule, J.J. | Cook, L. | Cinti, D.L. | Cassagne, C.
The presence of a beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase involved in the icosanoyl-CoA synthase (EC 188.8.131.52) complex of leek epidermis has been demonstrated using antibodies raised against the purified 6-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase from rat liver. In a first step the leek icosanoyl-CoA synthase activity was measured in the presence of different amounts of this antibody, the results obtained showed a 75% inhibition of the activity using a 8:1 IgG/microsomal protein ratio, whereas only a weak diminution of the activity occurred using pre-immune IgG. The analysis of the reaction products after incubation in the presence of increasing IgG amounts showed a decrease of the fatty acids (the final product) and an accumulation of 6-hydroxy fatty acids using immune IgG, whereas no change occurred in the presence of pre-immune IgG. Moreover, the beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase activity was strongly inhibited, whereas in the same conditions, the beta-ketoacyl-CoA reductase and the (trans-2-3) enoyl-CoA reductase activities were not affected. The protein fractions that eluted from the DEAE and Ultrogel columns containing the leek icosanoyl-CoA synthase activity were able to specifically bind the anti beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase from rat liver. The cross-reactivity was demonstrated. In immunoblotting experiments using the same antiserum after SDS-PAGE of the purified leek icosanoyl-CoA synthase, only one of the four protein bands constituting the leek icosanoyl-CoA synthase was detected. This protein, having an apparent molecular mass of 65 kDa, could be the dehydratase component of the elongation complex.Show more [+] Less [-]