Patterns of monosynaptic input to the giant interneurons 1-3 in the cercal system of the adult cockroach
Hamon, A. | Guillet, J.C. | Callec, J.J.
1. The cerci of the cockroach Periplaneta americana bear filiform hair mechanoreceptors that are arranged in segmentally repeated rows and longitudinal columns. The monosynaptic connections between receptors of the same column or row and the 3 largest giant interneurons (GIs) were compared using the oil-gap single fibre technique. 2. For many columns, the synaptic efficacy of the afferents decreased gradually from the base to the tip of the cercus, but columns with an inverted gradient or without any gradient were also observed. On the ipsilateral side (relative to the GI axon), the inverted gradients were exclusively found for columns with short proximal hairs. For one column (d) and GI3, the ipsilateral and contralateral gradients were opposite. 3. Monosynaptic EPSPs evoked by stimulating different receptors of the same segment (segment 3) were of very different amplitudes, which partially account for the directional sensitivity of the GIs. Differences in the location, shape and size of the afferent terminals were not sufficient to explain these differences in connection strength. 4. No correlation was found between the size of the EPSPs produced by a sensory neuron and the length of its associated hair.Show more [+] Less [-]