Degradation of chloroanilines in soil slurry by specialized organisms
Brunsbach, F.R. | Reineke, W.
The microbial degradation of 2-chloro-, 3-chloro, 4-chloro-, and 3,4-dichloroaniline was examined as single compounds as well as a mixture in soil slurries. At 30 degrees C the degradation of chloroanilines by indigenous soil populations in soil slurries was observed when soil slurry was freshly contaminated or precontaminated to allow binding of chloroanilines to the soil matrix. Within 6 weeks, 3-chloro- and 3,4-dichloroaniline (each 2 mM) were degraded more rapidly (about 50% chloride elimination) than 4-chloro- and 2-chloroaniline, due to stronger adsorption of 4-chloroaniline and greater resistance of 2-chloroaniline. The addition of various supplements such as buffer, mineral salts and acetate only slightly influenced the degradation of chloroanilines by the indigenous soil populations. The mineralization was drastically enhanced when laboratory-selected chloroaniline-degraders (8 X 10(6) cells/g) such as Pseudomonas acidovorans strain BN3.1 were supplemented to the soil slurries so that complete elimination of chloride from the chloroanilines occurred within 10 days.Show more [+] Less [-]