ste12 allel having a differential effect on a versus alpha cells
La Roche, S.D. | Shafer, B.K. | Strathern, J.N.
The transcriptional activator Ste12p is a key component of the yeast pheromone response pathway: phosphorylated as a consequence of signal transduction, it activates transcription of genes that promote mating and the subsequent fusion of the two cell types a and alpha. Activation by ste12p requires three types of protein-protein interaction between DNA-binding activator proteins: (1) Ste12p by itself can induce non-cell-type-specific genes involved in mating; (2) cooperation of the transactivator Mcm1p with Ste12p induces a-specific genes; and (3) formation of a complex of the activator proteins Mcm1p and alpha 1 (a transcriptional activator of alpha-specific genes) with Ste12p is believed to induce alpha-specific genes. We isolated and characterized a partially functional ste12 allele (ste12-T50), that is defective only in the activation of alpha-specific genes, ste12-T50 was isolated as a second-site mutation conferring the a mating phenotype on mat alpha 2 mutant cells. In mat alpha 2 cells, where due to the lack of repressor, alpha 2, both sets of cell-type-specific genes are expressed, ste12-T50 apparently tips the balance in favor of a-specific gene expression. Thus, mat alpha 2 ste12-T50 cells mate like a cells. Additional ste12 mutants that confer the a mating phenotype on mat alpha 2 cells have also been isolated.Show more [+] Less [-]