Loss of hydraulic conductivity due to water stress in intact juveniles of Quercus rubra and Populus deltoides
Tyree, M.T. | Alexander, J. | Machado, J.L.
Despite many studies of the percent loss of hydraulic conductivity in excised branches, there is doubt as to whether cutting stems in air introduces unnatural embolism into the xylem at the cut surface. To address this question, hydraulic conductivity was measured in seedlings of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) and rooted scions of eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh.) that had been droughted in pots. Results indicate that in situ dehydration produced a very similar vulnerability curve (% loss of conductivity versus water potential) to those previously obtained by bench-top dehydration of excised branches of eastern cottonwood and red oak. In eastern cottonwood cuttings, conductivity loss increased sharply below water potentials of -1.0 MPa with 100% loss of conductivity occurring by -2.0 MPa, whereas conductivity loss in red oak seedlings was more gradual, i.e., increasing below -1.5 MPa and sustaining 100% loss of conductivity by about -4.0 MPa.Show more [+] Less [-]