BO-RBC-SCID mouse model for evaluating the efficacy of anti-theilerial drugs
Hagiwara, K. | Tsuji, M. | Ishihara, C. | Tajima, M. | Kurosawa, T. | Iwai, H. | Takahashi, K.
We have previously developed a mouse model which allowed the proliferation of Theileria sergenti in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice with circulating bovine erythrocytes (Bo-RBC). In the present study, this model was utilized to test the efficacy of anti-theilerial drugs. Bo-RBC-SCID mice were created by giving periodic transfusions of T. sergenti-free Bo-RBC, and subsequently infecting with T. sergenti. Three anti-protozoal compounds, Pamaquine (Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd), Ganaseg (Japan CIBA-GEIGY Ltd) and Buparvaquone (Coopers Animal Health Ltd), were subcutaneously administered into the mice at doses recommended for cattle therapy. Blood examinations demonstrated that all three drugs significantly reduced the level of parasitemia although Ganaseg was effective only at a dose five times higher than that recommended for cattle therapy. Administration of the drugs neither caused any sign of acute toxicity nor changed the rate of Bo-RBC in the SCID mice's circulating blood cells. The results indicate that the Bo-RBC-SCID mouse model may offer a useful in vivo system for evaluating the efficacy of anti-protozoal drugs against T. sergenti.Show more [+] Less [-]