Immunoaffinity co-purification of cytokinins and analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet-spectrum detection
Nicander, B. | Stahl, U. | Bjorkman, P.O. | Tillberg, E.
A rapid methodology for the simultaneous analysis of a large number of cytokinins is presented. The cross-reactivity of a mixture of polyclonal antibodies against zeatin riboside and isopentenyladenosine was exploited in a protocol that can be used for immunoaffinity purification of 23 additional cytokinins. Ligands include the cytokinin bases zeatin, dihydrozeatin, isopentenyladenine, benzyladenine and kinetin, and their corresponding nucleoside, nucleoside-5'-monophosphate, and 9-glucoside derivatives, as well as cis-zeatin, cis-zeatin riboside, the 2-methylthiol derivatives of isopentenyladenosine and zeatin riboside, and benzyladenine-3-glucoside. Mixtures of cytokinins could be retained with high recoveries of all the components. Immunoaffinity purification of extracts of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. and Solanum tuberosum L. gave fractions clean enough, as verified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), to allow analysis of endogenous cytokinins using a single high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) step with on-line UV-spectrum detection. The detection limit was 4-6 pmol. The procedure described forms a routine assaying technique that is faster and simpler, yet yields better qualitative and quantitative information than the commonly used procedure of immunoassaying of HPLC fractions.Show more [+] Less [-]