Equine bronchial epithelial cells differentiate into ciliated and mucus producing cells in vitro
Schwab, Ute E. | Fulcher, M. Leslie | Randell, Scott H. | Flaminio, M. Julia | Russell, David G.
We describe a method for creating differentiated equine bronchial epithelial cell cultures that can be used for in vitro studies including airway disease mechanisms and pathogen-host interactions. Our method is based on the culturing of human tracheobronchial epithelial cells at an air-liquid interface (ALI) in specific serum-free, hormone-supplemented medium. Bronchial epithelial cells are isolated and grown on T-Clear® insert membranes. Within 2 to 3 wk, cells differentiate into ciliated and mucus producing cells as demonstrated by confocal and electron microscopy. Furthermore, the demonstration of the two major gel-forming mucin species, Muc5ac and Muc5b, in our bronchial epithelial cell culture system validates this method for studies of respiratory tract disease of the horse.Show more [+] Less [-]