Assessing pesticide concentrations and fluxes in the stream of a small vineyard catchment - Effect of sampling frequency
Rabiet, M. | Morgoum, C. | Gouy, V. | Carluer, N. | Coquery, M.
This study reports on the occurrence and behaviour of six pesticides and one metabolite in a small stream draining a vineyard catchment. Base flow and flood events were monitored in order to assess the variability of pesticide concentrations according to the season and to evaluate the role of sampling frequency on the evaluation of fluxes estimates. Results showed that dissolved pesticide concentrations displayed a strong temporal and spatial variability. A large mobilisation of pesticides was observed during floods, with total dissolved pesticide fluxes per event ranging from 5.7 × 10−3 g/Ha to 0.34 g/Ha. These results highlight the major role of floods in the transport of pesticides in this small stream which contributed to more than 89% of the total load of diuron during August 2007. The evaluation of pesticide loads using different sampling strategies and method calculation, showed that grab sampling largely underestimated pesticide concentrations and fluxes transiting through the stream. This work brings new insights about the fluxes of pesticides in surface water of a vineyard catchment, notably during flood events.Show more [+] Less [-]