InR gene expression and octopamine metabolism in Drosophila melanogaster females
Rauschenbach, I. Yu. | Karpova, E. K. | Adonyeva, N. V. | Gruntenko, N. E.
The influence of suppression of the expression of the Drosophila insulin-like receptor gene (InR) in corpus allatum (the gland-synthesizing juvenile hormone) on octopamine (OA) and juvenile hormone metabolism and on the development of the stress-reaction in Drosophila melanogaster females was studied. It was demonstrated that the suppression of InR gene expression in corpus allatum induces in D. melanogaster females an increase in the activity of the enzyme that limits the rate of octopamine synthesis (tyrosine decarboxylase), as well as in the level of juvenile hormone degradation and the intensity of the response of octopamine and juvenile hormone metabolism systems to heat stress. It was mentioned that a decrease in InR gene expression in corpus allatum does not influence the activity of OA-dependent N-acetyltransferase (the enzyme that degrades octopamine). It was established that the influence of suppression of the InR gene expression in corpus allatum on octopamine metabolism is mediated by juvenile hormone, since the treatment of flies by exogenous juvenile hormone restores the activity of tyrosine decarboxylase in flies with decreased InR expression in corpus allatum up to the normal level.Show more [+] Less [-]