Genetic typing of recent classical swine fever virus isolates from Croatia
Jemeršić, L. | Greiser-Wilke, I. | Barlic-Maganja, D. | Lojkic, M. | Madic, J. | Terzic, S. | Grom, J.
During a period of 5 years (1997–2001) several outbreaks of classical swine fever (CSF) were recorded in Croatia. For genetic typing, fragments of 150 nucleotides within the 5′-non-translated region (5′-NTR) and 190 nucleotides within the E2 glycoprotein coding gene of nine field isolates that were derived from domestic pigs and wild boars were used. For better epizootiological understanding, isolates from other European countries were included in the study. The results show that the isolates belong to subgroups 2.1 and 2.3 of CSF virus. Isolates from subgroup 2.1 were collected from domestic pigs during sporadic outbreaks in June 1997 and are genetically closely related. A genomic similarity between these isolates and CSF virus isolates from pigs in other European countries from the same year could also be confirmed. In contrast, the isolate from October 1997 was found to be a member of subgroup 2.3, and is closely related to European CSF virus isolates from outbreaks in the last decade in Western and Central European countries. These results show that two different sources of CSF virus caused outbreaks in Croatia during the same year. Furthermore, a close relationship was found between an isolate from a domestic pig in 1999 and isolates of subgroup 2.3 that originated from Croatian wild boars.Show more [+] Less [-]