Low sink-induced stomatal closure alters photosynthetic rates of source leaves in beans as dependent on H₂O ₂ and ABA accumulation in guard cells
Xu, M. | Duan, W. | Fan, P. G. | Wu, B. H. | Wang, L. J. | Ma, L. | Archbold, D. D. | Li, S. H.
Low sink demand provided by pod removal and stem girdling of beans (Vicia faba, cv. Daqingshan) (-Sink) induced a significantly lower net photosynthetic rate (P ₙ), stomatal conductance (g ₛ), internal CO₂ concentration (C ᵢ), and transpiration rate (E) compared with pod and root sink retention (CK). This depression in P ₙ was due to stomatal limitation. Low sink demand of -Sink plants resulted in a higher leaf sucrose content, but a lower sucrose content in guard cells. Moreover, the significant accumulation of H₂O₂ and ABA were observed in both leaves and guard cells of -Sink plants. The most intensive electron dense deposit of cerium perhydroxides, produced by H₂O₂ reaction with cerium chloride, was present in the cell walls, especially the dorsal walls of guard cells. Immunogold electron-microscopy localization of ABA showed that ABA was distributed in ventral walls of guard cells and the intercellular space of mesophyll cells of -Sink leaves in contrast to CK plants. Application of exogenous sucrose to isolated bean leaves increased H₂O₂ and ABA contents. H₂O₂ and ABA in leaves was likely generated by two independently regulated pathways, each affected by the high sucrose concentration induced by low sink demand. Increased sucrose in leaves in response to low sink demand may have caused the increase of H₂O₂ and ABA, and their accumulation in mesophyll cells and guard cells was likely the primary cause for stomatal closure under low sink demand.Show more [+] Less [-]