Conformational Heterogeneity of Methyl 4-Hydroxycinnamate: A Gas-Phase UVâIR Spectroscopic Study
Tan | Eric M. M. | Amirjalayer | Saeed | Smolarek | Szymon | Vdovin | Alexander | Rijs | Anouk M. | Buma | Wybren J.
UV excitation and IR absorption spectroscopy on jet-cooled molecules is used to study the conformational heterogeneity of methyl 4-hydroxycinnamate, a model chromophore of the Photoactive Yellow Protein (PYP), and to determine the spectroscopic properties of the various conformers. UVâUV depletion spectroscopy identifies four different species with distinct electronic excitation spectra. Quantum chemical calculations argue that these species are associated with different conformers involving the s-cis/s-trans configuration of the ester with respect to the propenyl CâC single bond and the syn/anti orientation of the phenolic OH group. IRâUV hole-burning spectroscopy is used to record their IR absorption spectra in the fingerprint region. Comparison with IR absorption spectra predicted by quantum chemical calculations provides vibrational markers for each of the conformers, on the basis of which each of the species observed with UVâUV depletion spectroscopy is assigned. Although both DFT and wave function methods reproduce experimental frequencies, we find that calculations at the MP2 level are necessary to obtain agreement with experimentally observed intensities. To elucidate the role of the environment, we compare the IR spectra of the isolated conformers with IR spectra of methyl 4-hydroxycinnamateâwater clusters, and with IR spectra of methyl 4-hydroxycinnamate in solution.Show more [+] Less [-]