Overall Dielectric Study on the Odd Members of a Highly Nonsymmetric Pyrene-Based Series of Liquid Crystal Dimers
SebastiaÌn | N. | de la Fuente | M.R. | LoÌpez | D.O. | PeÌrez-Jubindo | M.A. | Salud | J. | Ros | M.B.
Broadband dielectric spectroscopy (10Â³ Hzâ1.8 Ã 10â¹ Hz) has been performed on the odd nonsymmetric liquid crystal dimers of the series Î±-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4â²-oxy)-Ï-(1-pyreniminebenzylidene-4â²-oxy) alkanes (CBOnO.Py) with n ranging from 3 to 11, as a function of temperature. A previous thermal behavior study through heat capacity measurements has been made. Dielectric measurements enable us to obtain information about the molecular dynamics in the nematic mesophase as well as in the isotropic phase. Two orientations (parallel and perpendicular) of the molecular director with regard to the probe electric field have been investigated. In the nematic mesophase, the dielectric anisotropy is revealed to be positive for all studied compounds. Measurements of the parallel component of the dielectric permittivity are well-explained by means of the molecular theory of dielectric relaxation in nematic dimers (Stocchero, M.; Ferrarini, A.; Moro, G. J.; Dunmur, D. A.; Luckhurst, G. R. J. Chem. Phys., 2004, 121(16), 8079). The dimer is seen as a mixture of cis and trans conformers, and the model allows us to estimate their relative populations at each temperature. The main molecular motions are interpreted by the model as independent end-overend rotations of each terminal semirigid unit of the dimer.Show more [+] Less [-]