RNA-ALIS: Methodology for screening soluble RNAs as small molecule targets using ALIS Affinity-Selection Mass Spectrometry
Rizvi, Noreen F. | Nickbarg, Elliott B.
Recent advances resulting from the completion of the human genome have shown that RNA has the promise to be a target for small molecule drugs, and therefore represents a previously unexploited class of targets for novel human therapeutics. We recently reported the adaptation of an affinity selection mass spectrometry screening technique, termed ALIS (Automatic Ligand Identification System), to screen and characterize a variety of RNA species from both prokaryotic and eukaryotic sources. We demonstrated that the ALIS technique, which had previously been used for protein targets, was also compatible for screening, ranking and characterizing small molecule ligands for RNA targets. We present here a detailed description of the use of ALIS for screening and characterizing ligands for RNA and discuss issues of validating and testing RNA for use in the ALIS system. We have also further elaborated on issues of RNA stability and testing in the ALIS system and demonstrate that the affinity-selection screening system has the potential to be a general solution for label-free screening and characterization of small molecule drug candidates for RNA targets.Show more [+] Less [-]