In vitro interaction of various antibiotic combinations recommended by Chinese consensus statement against carbapenems‐resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Ma, W. | Li, J. | Wang, D. | Yu, C. | Sun, S.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is related to nosocomial infections, and it tends to become resistant during or after antimicrobial treatment. The ability to develop carbapenems resistance makes it difficult to treat. P. aeruginosa infections are often associated with high mortality, morbidity and treatment costs. A group of Chinese experts drafted a consensus for treatment of extensively drug‐resistant Gram‐negative bacilli (XDR‐GNB) including extensively drug‐resistant P. aeruginosa (XDR‐PA). In this study, we studied the antibacterial activities of different antibiotic combinations against six carbapenems‐resistant P. aeruginosa (CRPA) strains in vitro, and the results indicated that the combination of ceftazidime with cefoperazone‐sulbatam was the best combination with excellent synergistic rate (100%). Besides, some combinations exhibited better effects than using antibiotics alone, reducing the MICs of both drugs significantly, such as ceftazidime/piperacillin‐tazobactam and ceftazidime/aztreonam etc. However, there are also some combinations that showed no additional or synergistic effects, suggesting that not all combinations recommended by the guideline have the same effect against resistant P. aeruginosa. Our study screened out some effective combinations against six CRPA strains which might help to prevent the spread of antibiotic resistance through improving antibiotic effectiveness. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study measured the synergistic interactions between various antibiotics in vitro recommended by Chinese consensus statement against carbapenems‐resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The results of this study provide valuable evidence that some combinations may be a promising option for clinical treatment.Show more [+] Less [-]