Constraint, complexity and consumption: Zooarchaeological meta-analysis shows regional patterns of resilience across the metal ages in the Near East
Gaastra, J.S. | Greenfield, T.L. | Greenfield, H.J.
Previously identified periods of aridity in the palaeoclimate record for the Near East have been argued to have greatly impacted ancient societies, causing widespread changes to food production and the collapse of multiple ancient civilizations. This study employs a meta-analysis of zooarchaeological data from the Chalcolithic to the Iron Age of the southern Levant and upper Mesopotamia to determine the impact of climatic oscillations upon animal food production systems. Comparisons of animal production strategies for sites across a range of zones of water availability demonstrates patterns of animal production contrary to what would be expected in response to increased aridity. These patterns indicate instead the resilience of production systems to periods of drought in the maintenance of desired levels of animal production.Show more [+] Less [-]