Effects of elevated CO2 concentration and high temperature on growth and yield of rice [Oryza sativa], 1: The effect on development, dry matter production and some growth characteristics
Kim, H.Y. (Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Coll. of Agriculture) | Horie, T. | Nakagawa, H. | Wada, K.
Phenological development, biomass production and the related growth characteristics of rice (cv. Akihikari) in canopy were measured over the entire growth period under different CO2 concentrations and air temperature regimes in temperature gradient chambers (TGCs), in order to clarify the effects of anticipated global climate change on rice production. The TGC is a plastic tunnel with the dimensions of 26m in length, 2.05m in width and 1.7m in height in which air was ventilated at varying rates to created a 4 degrees C temperature gradient along its longitudinal axis. Two TGCs were used for this experiment; one was kept at ambient CO2 concentration and the other at 690 mu-LL(-1) throughout the entire growth period. CO2 x temperature treatments were applied to potted rice plants displaced in TGC at the density of 20 hills m(-2) in 1991, and on transplanted plants on soil bed in TGC at 25 hills m(-2) in 1992. In both years, a sufficient amount of nutrition was applied in split. The nearly double CO2 concentration accelerated phenological development of rice toward heading with more pronounced effects at higher temperatures. The number of days to heading of elevated CO2 plants at 30 degrees C was 11% less than that of ambient CO2 plants. The elevated CO2 concentration remarkably promoted both total and productive tiller numbers, whereas it gave a negligible small effect on plant height. Also, the elevated CO2 concentration gave minor effects on leaf area index except at the initial growth stage, coinciding with the previous workers' resultsShow more [+] Less [-]
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